The Universal Plane The Stanley Universal plane was introduced in and stayed in production until It was named the Universal plane as it was designed not only to do the symmetrical cuts of the Stanley 45 but also all the asymmetrical cuts of other complex moulding planes. When this tool was introduced most architectural mouldings were already bought pre-made from a lumber yard where they were machine made. The ’55 was designed to enable a carpenter in the field to duplicate a moulding for a repair or wherever a short amount of moulding was needed. The tool was also a natural culmination is Stanley’s development of combination planes of ever increasing complexity and function. Advertisements of the time may have oversold its capabilities.
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The requirements for making a good mirror are a surface with a very high degree of flatness preferably but not necessarily with high reflectivity , and a surface roughness smaller than the wave-length of the light. The earliest manufactured mirrors were pieces of polished stone such as obsidian , a naturally occurring volcanic glass. Examples of obsidian mirrors found in Anatolia modern-day Turkey have been dated to around B.
Mirrors made of other metal mixtures alloys such as copper and tin speculum metal may have also been produced in China and India.
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Tuning a Stanley Bailey Bench Plane 1. Over years ago, when this plane was manufactured, Stanley was making woodworking planes in a variety of shapes and sizes for a multitude of different tasks. With some time and attention, this old tool will return to its former glory. The concept of tuning or fettling a plane is pretty straight forward. The sole mut be flat.
The chipbreaker, blade, frog and frog reciever the part of the main casting on which the frog sits must all make as much contact with one another as possible. Further more, the blade must be sharpened to a razor edge and shaped in an ideal manner for the tasks the plane will be expected to tackle. Taking all of this into account will allow a bench plane to do its job well with a minimal amount of physical exertion from the user. The Frog is the interface between the blade and the body main casting of the plane.
The frog is also the part of the plane that allows for most adjustments: Truing the Bottom of the Frog with grit sandpaper on a flat granite slab. Truing the Frog Reciever can be done by attaching some self- adhesive sandpaper to the bottom of the frog then working the frog back and forth accross the frog reciever. Maximum Contact between the frog and main casting will help reduce chatter. When removing material to achieve a better fit for the parts of a plane a balance should be struck between the fit and the overall reduction in mass of those parts.
HAND PLANES: WOODWORKING HAND TOOL BUYING GUIDE #3
Just do a search. Cheers Pat 31st Oct , Squizzy, thanks for the websites, but no joy.
LATERAL LEVER. After 40 years of collecting Record Tools this is my finding on the lateral lever of Record hand planes from No 02 through to No 08, T5, No , and the No ½.
By Terry Hurley Collector and Antique Store Owner Take a look at more great antique hand tools Although identifying antique wood planes is often difficult for a novice collector, there are also times when a seasoned antique tool collector has the same difficulty. The Antique Wood Plane Collector Of all the antique hand tools made, the wood plane is one of the most highly sought after by tool collectors.
They browse antique shops and online auction websites, search through the tools at thrift stores and rummage through boxes of old tools at garage sales and flea markets hoping to find a hidden treasure that would be a perfect addition to their growing tool collection. For many of these collectors coming across an antique wood plane during one of their treasure hunts is exhilarating. Their minds fill with excitement as they wonder if the tool is a rare Stanley woodworking tool such as a Stanley No.
If the plane is priced in the collector’s budget, the excited collector takes his special find home to research it and identify the antique tool’s rarity and value. There are a vast number of antique wood planes in existence often causing confusion surrounding their identification.
Hand Planes, Brands ranking
It’s my first handplane and I’m really excited about it. It looks literally brand new and I’m almost positive it still had the factory edge on the iron and it was never used. It looks better than this 4. I followed Paul Sellers video on sharpening the iron, it’s mirror smooth and I’m easily getting.
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Background[ edit ] Le Guin giving a reading in Le Guin’s father Alfred Louis Kroeber was an anthropologist , and the experience that this gave Le Guin influenced all of her works. According to Douglas Barbour, the fiction of the Hainish Universe the setting for several of Le Guin’s works contain a theme of balance between light and darkness, a central theme of Taoism.
Her protagonists are frequently interested in the cultures they are investigating, and are motivated to preserve them rather than conquer them. She participated in demonstrations against the Vietnam War and nuclear weapons. These sympathies can be seen in several of her works of fiction, including those in the Hainish universe. After reflecting on her work, Le Guin wrote in the edition that the genre of science fiction was not as “rationalist and simplistic” as simple extrapolation.
Instead, she called it a “thought experiment” which presupposes some changes to the world, and probes their consequences. Up until I had no literary agent, submitting all my work myself. His appropriately androgynous name led me to address him as Dear Miss Carr.
Age of Bailey/Stanley planes
This information was originally on Jay Sutherland’s website, but it went inactive sometime in or Someone had saved this page, so here it is. Jay, if you are out there, please email me!
Transitional Planes. Questions and/or comments, start a topic on the forum. I’ve been trying to force myself to catalog my plane collection. So if you don’t mind following along, I’ll try to post a #transitionalplane a day until I’ve worked through the ones I own here ands on my instagram feed. This page will get updated accordingly.
The key is finding out what Type of Stanley plane you have. About twenty years ago Roger K Smith wrote a Type Study on the different features of Stanley planes through the years. Below is one of the links. They simply build planes with whatever parts they had lying around. Below are two Stanley No 5 planes that to an untrained eye, may look quite similar to one another but are worlds apart as far as value.
The plane on the left is a Type 2 which was made from The one on the right is a Type 13 made from The easiest way to tell if your plane is collectible or not is to see if there is a lateral adjustment on the frog.
Stanley #45 – 7 forms of fun in 1! – And other combination/moulding planes
According to the catalog, the only difference between the two grades was in the quality of the wood used. The firm of Casey, Kitchel and Company held these contracts from to Casey, Clark and Company continued to hold them from to Company History The firm is known to exist from to The New York State Census noted the firm as a manufacturer of plane, plane irons, and skates. The Auburn Tool Company was among the five leading plane manufacturing firms.
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The 41 was offered from to , and was probably phased out in favor of the more versatile Stanley 45’s. This model dates to between and , when slitting cutters with depth stops were added to the main body casting. The skewed cutter on the fillister bottom makes cutting easier, and the fence, supported by two arms and running the length of the sole, makes the 41 less annoying to use than its closest rival in our shop, the Stanley 78 duplex plane.
There is a small spur knicker ahead of the blade on the edge of the fillister bottom for working across the grain, but it is so small that it is doubtful whether this was ever much use, as there is no room to re-sharpen or adjust it. In a wooden plane, the taper on the blade helps to keep the iron tight against the wedge – backwards force on the iron serves to tighten it.
The Stanley 41 uses screw pressure to hold the blade in place, so the only advantage to a thick cutter would be in reducing chatter. Although more than adequate at making grooves and rabbets, we use the plane primarily with its fillister bottom attached for planing the wide, flat bevels on the undersides of drawer bottoms and for cleaning up the bevels on raised panels. As a fillister, the plane is outstanding. We keep the cutter razor sharp, and because it is set at a skew angle, that is, with the cutting edge angled forwards toward the blade, the plane cuts tight “spill” shavings that coil in on themselves in long, continuous ribbons.
The Stanley 45 Combination Plane The Stanley 45 combination plane was one of Stanley’s most popular planes, in production from to More than 20 design changes over the years allow collectors to date most 45’s to within a couple of years of their manufacture. In principle it is similar to a plow plane, but the addition of a second skate on a sliding section gives another bearing surface when planing.
The Joy of Hand Tools
A general description of stuff to look for when examining a bench plane is listed under the 3 smoother. This stuff is applicable to all Stanley bench planes, and comes from my observances of literally hundreds, if not thousands, of these planes. It never has a number cast on it, nor was it ever provided a lateral adjustment lever.
The Sargent Hand Plane Reference Guide for Collectors & Woodworkers is an in-depth study of Sargent hand planes from the earliest patented designs to the end of production, including brief descriptions of each plane in Sargent’s extensive line.
Issue date April 26th June 28th, in Copenhagen. Note that Brandt was dovetailing the top or sides of the plane to the sole in a similar manner as the British and Scottish plane makers, such as those made by Norris or Spiers. Brandt was the first to introduce the adjustable mouth to this type of plane, but this a copy of an earlier model with a fixed mouth. In the mid s, Brandt pioneered the use of lever caps for the N.
This was around the same time as Stuart Spiers in Ayr, Scotland and Fenn in London began installing lever caps as an option, replacing the bridge and captive wedge in their planes. A miniature copy of a Brandt plane made by Dominic Micalizzi. Photo from Jim Bode. Photo by Jim Bode. Brandt mitre plane, inscribed and sold by C. Tollner , with early removable lever cap.